Source:Journal of Voice
Author(s): Maaria Ansaranta, Ahmed Geneid, Paula Kauppi, Leo Pekka Malmberg, Erkki Vilkman
Objectives/HypothesisTo examine the changes in the larynx, as well as self-reported voice and throat symptoms, among patients undergoing a histamine challenge test. Thus, to understand the possible clinical effects of histamine on the larynx.Study designControlled, open prospective study.MethodsThirty adult patients with prolonged cough and suspicion of bronchial asthma underwent a histamine challenge test. Videolaryngostroboscopy was performed immediately before and after the challenge. Voice and throat symptoms immediately before and after the challenge test were assessed using a visual analog scale.ResultsVideolaryngostroboscopy after exposure showed significant increases in edema (P < 0.001) as well as redness (P < 0.001) of the vocal folds after the exposure. Self-reported voice complaints increased significantly for 8 of 11 symptoms. A moderate positive correlation was found between the increase in edema of the vocal folds and reported heartburn/regurgitation symptoms (r = 0.42, P < 0.05). Atopy, asthma, nasal symptoms, or bronchial hyperreactivity during the histamine challenge test were not associated with laryngeal reactions.ConclusionsAccording to the results, the laryngeal mucosal reaction during a histamine challenge test can be objectively visualized. Videolaryngostroboscopy findings, together with an increase in self-reported voice and throat symptoms, show that histamine has potential effects on vocal folds. The mucosal reaction seems to be pronounced among patients with reflux symptoms, probably reflecting the permeability features of the vocal folds.